As it has been noted by such studies, hyper-vigilance and the mobilization of fear and police brutality are only some of the characteristic elements of discourses and practices of security that privilege some lives over others. But perhaps what is more interesting about El Bronx, and its predecessor El Cartucho, is how they evidence a double face of security: those who represent and embody risk are simultaneously produced as populations at risk. In these cases, attacks to marginalized groups are carried out both to stop them from potentially committing crimes and to protect them from potential harm.
Endangered City delves precisely into this paradox.
Through the different chapters of the book, Zeiderman ably crafts a critical analysis of the often-contradictory processes that lie behind the imperative to protect life. Through a genealogy of the multiple meanings, interests, and processes that conflate insecurity and risk, it illustrates the kinds of political actions and projects which are enabled by such imperatives, and which ones are closed.
One of the main theoretical contributions of the book comes directly from its title: endangerment refers to more than the experience or event of being under threat, to describe a condition and a locus of power. As security structures the relationship between the state and its subjects, citizenship is subordinated to an arbitrary notion of security. And, as life comes to be understood and valued as a fragile and ever-exposed possession, citizenship and vulnerability become inevitably entangled. However, NDL India takes no responsibility for, and will not be liable for, the portal being unavailable due to technical issues or otherwise.
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E-mail address. Remember me. He indicates that research conducted under the auspices of the Human Sciences Research Council HSRC suggests "increasing withdrawal, passivity and powerlessness in the face of crime, particularly in poorer and more crime-ridden areas. Again there is an indication that pervasive crime is likely to erode social cohesion and individual and communal activism. One of the features of CTS, alluded to previously, is that the context in which violation is anticipated is marked by an absence of social protections. In some instances, as in the Apartheid "State of Emergency" in response to which the construct was originally derived Straker and the Sanctuaries Counselling Team, , forces of the state itself are implicated in the attacks on citizens.
Within contemporary South Africa, for example, there is some evidence to suggest that "illegal immigrants"' may be subject to abuses by those designated to uphold law and order as illustrated in the Mido Macia case for which nine police personnel are currently on trial. As Steinberg's title of his book on policing in South Africa suggests the "Blue Line" is stretched very thin. It is difficult to envisage how communities can attempt to create social cohesion when the social fabric which is designed to provide the scaffolding within which to establish this lacks potency and credibility.
One could question, for example, whether vigilantism against those identified as criminals within a community represents some form of social cohesion? However, given the kind of brutality that is enacted in such situations and the potentiality for mis-accusations reminiscent of past necklacing of impimpis or informers , while such actions may be comprehensible, it is hard to view them as representing the kind of social cohesion that has positive valence for community psychologists and for this special edition.
Vania A Ceccato
Thus, as with FoC, there are problems with some context-generated responses to crime that reflect the need to think about social cohesion in conjunction with other ethical considerations. A further dimension that is interesting to think about in relation to CTS and high violence contexts is the degree to which those committing criminal acts are viewed as outsiders or insiders. Although the Statistics South Africa FoC survey highlighted that over sixty percent of South Africans are mistrustful of people in their immediate communities, there is also evidence to suggest that community members may not "turn in" other community members to the authorities, not only out of fear of reprisal but also out of a sense of loyalty.
As in the favelas of Brazil: "When residents who violate the law are tightly integrated into community social networks other residents may be less willing to intervene against them. Social cohesion may therefore result in a greater tolerance for criminal activity Browning, Dietz and Feinberg, Again, the complexity of the relationship between social cohesion and crime and its regulation is highlighted.
It should also be noted that the kind of status that accrues to some criminals, such as gang leaders, linked both to hyper-masculinity and the accrual of wealth, can contribute to feelings of envy and admiration as well as to fear and social censure. Evident wealth inequalities and the need for any source of income, whatever its provenance, may also mean that those who indirectly benefit from crime align with those committing crime rather than those who seek to prevent it.
Home Contact us Help Free delivery worldwide. Free delivery worldwide. Bestselling Series. Harry Potter. Popular Features. New Releases. The Urban Fabric of Crime and Fear. Description How does the city's urban fabric relate to crime and fear, and how is that fabric affected by crime and fear? Does the urban environment affect one's decision to commit an offence? Is there a victimisation-related inequality within cities? How do crime and fear interrelate to inequality and segregation in cities of developing countries?
Reducing crime and the fear of crime by reclaiming New Zealand's suburban street - ScienceDirect
What are the challenges to planning cities which are both safe and sustainable? This book searches for answers to these questions in the nature of the city, particularly in the social interactions that take place in urban space distinctively guided by different land uses and people's activities. In other words, the book deals with the urban fabric of crime and fear. The novelty of the book is to place safety and security issues on the urban scale by 1 showing links between urban structure, and crime and fear, 2 illustrating how different disciplines deal with urban vulnerability to and fear of crime 3 including concrete examples of issues and challenges found in European and North American cities, and, without being too extensive, also in cities of the Global South.
Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. The Urban Fabric of Crime and Fear There is a considerable body of work, largely sociological, that has sought to explore the relationship between social cohesion, and its inverse, social disorganization, and the prevalence of crime and nature of responses to crime.
Alle artikelen van Vania Ceccato Amongst other aspects, what FoC and CTS appear to do is to reflect not only fractures in society but also to demobilize or inhibit the agency of citizens to take part in progressive social movements and action. The Urban Fabric of Crime and Fear Vania Ceccato Springer These findings suggest considerable awareness of crime and related constraint of activity in many instances.
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